Saturday, January 23, 2010

Dolphins possibly second most intelligent animal after humans

Dolphins might be second-smartest animals after humans

Washington, January 23 (ANI): In a new research, scientists have found that dolphins might be the second-smartest animals after humans, as MRI scans show that their brains are four to five times larger for their body size when compared to another animal of similar size.

"If we use relative brain size as a metric of 'intelligence', then one would have to conclude that dolphins are second in intelligence to modern humans," Lori Marino, a senior lecturer in neuroscience and behavioral biology at Emory University, told Discovery News.

Marino, who has performed several MRI scans on dolphin brains, said that at least two other lines of evidence support her claims about dolphin intelligence.

First, various features of the dolphin neocortex - the part of the brain involved in higher-order thinking and processing of emotional information - are "particularly expanded" in dolphins.

Second, behavioral studies conducted by Marino and other experts demonstrate that dolphins exhibit human-like skills.

These include mirror self-recognition, cultural learning, comprehension of symbol-based communication systems, and an understanding of abstract concepts.

According to Marino, these findings suggest that marine park shows, "dolphin-assisted therapy" facilities and other forms of captivity "are potentially psychologically harmful to dolphins and present a misinformed picture of their natural intellectual capacities."

"This point is based on the simple proposition that the more aware an individual is of one's present and future circumstances, the more intensely one may feel the difference between a pleasant and unpleasant situation, or the more one can think about, and thus experience, negative feelings and ruminate about the negative consequences of one's circumstances," she said.

"If this proposition is not true, then there is no basis for assuming humans suffer more than any other given animal," she added.

She pointed out that during dolphin drives, when the animals are herded together by boats, some dolphins become so panicked
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