In 2007, Karl Ammann appeared on Time Magazine’s Heroes of the Environment List, and for good reason. Since discovering 2,004 smoked primates and 1,000 fresh carcasses on board Zaire river boats in1988, he has devoted his life to exposing both the bushmeat and illegal wildlife trafficking. His photography and writings have appeared in several outlets including the New York Times Magazine, Newsweek, Stern Magazine, and the National Geographic Almanac, and he has recently co-authored two books namely Conserving Nature with Tony Rose and others, and Eating Apes with Dale Peterson. For his work, he has received a slew of accolades.
We met him this past weekend in Nairobi, Kenya, where we discussed private reserves throughout the Middle East that show off illegal wildlife without any retribution from the authorities. Even CITES, the international organization tasked with regulating wildlife trafficking, has been notoriously lackadaisical about bringing offenders to task.
Karl, you first became interested in bushmeat trade before switching your focus to wildlife trafficking. Can you talk about this?
“I’ve kind of moved away from Bushmeat. It’s a mess in Central Africa with no answers in sight. What’s the point of banging your head against the wall. You’ve done everything you can to expose the situation – policymakers, NGOs, and everyone else can no longer say they didn’t know what’s going on.”
So what you are you working on at the moment?
“Right now I’m making a film about the reptile skin trade – about over-exploitation, CITES export licensing for the Guccis of the world – all essentially illegal.”
Where do you market your films?
“It’s definitely not a moneymaker but I seem to have good luck in South Africa, Scandinavia and Germany. The American market is very difficult because they want happy endings, and my stories don’t have happy endings.”
Africa Geographic did a piece on wildlife trafficking in the Middle East – can we focus on that for a bit?
“I didn’t really do any work there. I mean, I went to Dubai and visited the zoo director there, asked him about his chimps and where they came from and went to Qatar and asked where those chimps came from. It’s a mess – Kuwait, the whole region.
One journalist with Gulf News has been good about picking up stories and running with them, to some extent, but the expat community doesn’t want to confront the issue. They’re afraid to even send emails. If they’re afraid to send emails, that’s a pretty good indication that it’s not safe. People who have helped me have been harassed, they’ve been threatened, and it’s still going on.”
The Egyptian wildlife dealer Heba Abdel Moty Ahmed Saad has eluded prosecution for thirty years. Is she still around?
“I doubt it – she has probably retired by now. But her two daughters are still operating out of Nigeria. There are also another two or three dealers operating who can pretty much get anything you want. The trouble is in Black Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, many wildlife dealers are third generation. This is nothing new to them. In the old days the trade went into Europe. Now there are more restrictions, to some extent, but also more money.”
Who in the Middle East is interested in buying wildlife?
“Mostly private collectors that have a lot of money. Saudi, Qatar, and the Emirates behind their walled estates, the Arabs feel entitled to have lions and tigers in the backyard. And because they have a closed society they get away with it. They have their private jets with crates – no one is going to open those up.
So, okay, Dubai had to open up a bit, but the expat community don’t dare to talk about what happens behind closed doors in Saudi for example. And they have high profile wildlife – Chimps, Gorillas, Orangutans, Lions, Tigers.”
What are some of the challenges
San Diego Zoo Safari Park bashed for elephant breeding
Last year, four baby African elephants were born at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.
That was four too many, argues In Defense of Animals.
All the calves were males, which the animal rights group claims are hard to keep in zoos once they reach adulthood because of their strength and size. The organization is also concerned about the herd’s growing size — now at 17 elephants — as compared to the space the animals enjoy, which is about six acres.
The park’s breeding practice — which IDA called, “reckless” — led it to give the park a “Dishonorable Mention” in its recent annual ranking of the “Ten Worst Zoos for Elephants.”
The park didn’t make the list because it does some things right, such as the use of positive reinforcement, IDA said.
But the Safari Park can’t seem to break free of criticism when it comes to the handling of elephants. It’s been on the top ten list before.
“We try to be fair,” said Catherine Doyle, who directs IDA’s elephant campaign. “But we did feel it was important to address the number of surplus bulls in captivity. The Safari Park is contributing to this problem — hugely.”
The San Diego Zoo defends its breeding practices, saying that the elephant population in zoos is aging and dying off. It hardly matters that males are being born because zoos have become much more sophisticated in housing the animals.
"We keep moving forward," said Robert Wiese, San Diego Zoo’s chief life sciences officer.
Traditionally, zoos haven't liked to house the males because “they’re dangerous and unpredictable and very powerful,” Doyle said. In the wild, the young males roam mostly alone. In some zoos, for that reason, they’re kept isolated, she said.
"They end up living in miserable conditions,” Doyle said.
In all, 155 African elephants live in zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, according to the AZA website. Only 28 are males.
That disproportion is evident at the Safari Park, where the female adults outnumber the males six to two. At the San Diego Zoo, which also houses elephants, it’s virtually the same story. There are six
Possible “Jurassic Park” waste of time, money
Recently, National Geographic published an article about a woolly mammoth resurrection. ""Jurassic Park"' Planned" was the tag line. Ambitious. Exciting. The newest attraction. But is it ethically wrong?
Scientists have eagerly planned to take sperm from a frozen woolly mammoth from 10,000 years ago, impregnate an elephant and raise the offspring in a safari park in the Siberian wild.
According to the article, Kazufumi Goto, head scientist at the Mammoth Creation Project, states that this experiment will help scientists learn "more about these animals, their history and why they went extinct."
Unfortunately, the animal would not be a replica of a woolly mammoth from 10,000 years ago. It would take about 50 years of reproduction to make the mammoth only 88 percent true woolly mammoth.
We'd learn no more about their history than we'd learn from the frozen, preserved mammoth.
Considering today's climate, surrounding animals, humans and plants are not the exact same as they were 10,000 years ago, so trying to find out why the mammoth went extinct would be near impossible.
Adrian Lester, a paleontologist at University College London in England, brought up the point that "DNA preserved in ancient tissues is fragmented into thousands of tiny pieces nowhere near sufficiently preserved to drive the development of a baby mammoth." Ultimately, the mammoth would be created merely as a theme park attraction.
Cloning is an expensive process involving large amounts of money and biological proficiency.
In 1996, Ian Wilmut and his associates required 277 tries before producing Dolly, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult somatic cell.
A new cloning technique has recently been developed which is far more reliable. However, even this technique has a two to three percent success rate. Think of the expense and potential success rate of making that happen, assuming no baby mammoths die before being able to reproduce.
This brings up another possible glitch in this mammoth of a project. Clones are derived from an existing adult cell, or in this case, frozen sperm from 10,000 years
Birth of Rare Tiger Cubs in Asia
There is at last some hope for the Sumatran tiger.
Breeding them in captivity has proven to be difficult but the birth of three cubs at a zoo in western Indonesia today has shown it is possible.
The Taman Rimbo Zoo in Indonesia's Jambi province also said a fourth cub was born but died immediately.
Sumatran Tigers are on the brink of extinction. The World Wildlife Fund has said their numbers have now fallen to around 400. That's down from about a thousand in the 1970's.
The Sumatran tiger is the smallest of the species in the world and amongst the most threatened. It is only found on Sumatra, the largest island in Indonesia and the sixth largest in the world.
In theory the island should be able to host a large population of tigers. But the area they can roam is under enormous threat by the jungles being destroyed by logging and economic development. The huge areas of tropical rain forest each year that are wiped out by logging are easily noticed by Indonesia's neighbors by the huge clouds of smoke that come from there each year and often blanket Singapore and parts of Malaysia.
The smoke cloud is so dense visibility can be as limited to as little as fifty yards as I have experienced.
There are efforts to try to protect the Sumatran tiger by working with companies to leave some areas untouched but with their numbers falling fast there is the real possibility that there will be not enough left for their species to survive.
Tigers here in Southeast Asia have been under serious threat for decades. They have been virtually wiped out in many areas and cling on in the jungles of some countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia.
Once they roamed across the entire region. The last tiger to be seen in Hong Kong, for instance, was shot in 1942 during the Japanese occupation.
One of the main reasons for the demise of the tiger in Asia is the demand for tiger products in China. Their bones and other body parts are traditionally used in Chinese medicine in the belief they can help virility.
There are major ongoing campaigns here in Asia to try to educate the public about the threat to these beautiful beasts by hunting them and using their products. But the reality is now that the tigers and other threatened animals are so hard to get hold of in Asia that traders in these products are going further afield in search of them to countries in Africa and to India where the tiger there is under serious threat.
Tigers in the wild in Asia have fallen from about 100,000 at the turn of the last century to just over 3,000 today according to the WWF. The major problem is that they are scattered in small isolated pockets in 13 Asian countries.
Governments in the region have pledged to try to double
Former zoo worker's media comments get her fired
A former Chattanooga Zoo worker's comments to a newspaper about animal deaths at the zoo have gotten her fired from her job with a separate non-profit group that has a contract with the city to run the animal shelter.
Deborah Bond told the Chattanooga Times Free Press she was fired by the McKamey Animal Care and Adoption Center after the newspaper published her comments about the recent deaths of 7 zoo animals, including 42-year-old
Nepal 'jails' blind rhino for manslaughter
Authorities in western Nepal have slapped a one-year 'jail term' on a blind rhinoceros who killed a man last year.
In remote Bardiya district in the farwest, where nearly two dozen rhinos live in the Bardiya National Park, park officials have slapped the 'jail term' on the recalcitrant male.
Named Bikram by park officials, the rhino used to be a hot favourite with visiting tourists till last year, when it inexplicably attacked the priest of a local temple and the mauled victim succumbed to his injuries.
Nine years ago, Bikram had been transported to Bardiya from Chitwan in southern Nepal that has over 400 rhinos - the largest after India's Kaziranga wildlife park.
He had been attacked by the villagers in Chitwan and was found with injuries, the Nagarik daily reported Thursday. Later, he was also found to have lost his eyesight.
The sightless Bikram held no fears for tourists visiting the park, who would pose close to him for photographs, the daily said.
But after the priest's death, the park authorities
Gorilla in Kent zoo filmed walking like a human
A Silverback gorilla which has started walking around on his hind legs like a human has become an internet star after video of him was uploaded to YouTube.
More than 300,000 people have
Then 2 days later...it must be contagious
Gorilla at Sydney zoo 'walks like a human'
Amazing footage as a gorilla at Australia's Taronga Zoo in Sydney walks around upright on his hind legs.
Woman jailed for importing shrimp
A WOMAN has been jailed for illegally importing crustaceans into Australia.
Chin-Han Chen, 28, pleaded guilty in the Brisbane District Court today to two counts of illegal importation of animals.
The court was told that on two occasions she arranged for a contact in Taiwan to send her two shipments of live Crystal Red Shrimp.
The shrimp are readily available for purchase in Australian aquarium shops but quarantine laws forbid them from being imported into the country.
The shrimp can sell for up to $1000 each to collectors.
The court was not told how many were in the packages brought
Chhatbir lion safari nearing end
From a strength of 87 in early 90s to a mere two in 2011, the population of Asiatic Lions has dwindled alarmingly at Chhatbir zoo. One of the lionesses in the zoo, Divya, who was brought to Chhatbir from Renukaji Lion Safari in Himachal Pradesh, died recently.
People visiting the safari miss the roar of lions as it wears a deserted look, while zoo authorities remain mute spectators with no efforts being made to ascertain the cause of mysterious deaths. Due to scientific mismanagement over the last 20 years lions have paid for human failing with their lives, said sources.
Zoo officials insist they are planning to bring a 'pure' pair of Asiatic of lions from Rajkot which might take some time. Punjab chief wildlife warden Gurbaz Singh said, "We are waiting for a response from the zoo in Gujarat and the cats will be here for breeding."
In 80s, the zoo had a big presence of tigers and lions. Authorities had bought a hybrid lion from a circus, which bred at the zoo and that gave rise to genetic diseases in the safari's population.
Punjab state wildlife board member Gurmit Singh said, "A DNA test was also conducted, the findings of which were rather damning." Later, Central Zoo Authority (CZA) issued instructions to stop the breeding. Moreover, the authorities did not maintain the history of the cat family, giving rise to incorrect diagnoses.
"If the practice had been followed, many lions would have been saved," an expert said.
Sources stated that zoo authorities had not made any effort to procure pure Asiatic lions for breeding. Later, many lions were sent to other zoological parks without any
Wild Animals, Domesticated Humans: The Zoo and Modern Society
Denver Zoo celebrates births of rare tadpoles
The Denver Zoo is celebrating the birth of five tadpoles in South America as part of its push to save the critically endangered Lake Titicaca frog.
Denver Zoo staff assisted a breeding project at the Huachipa Zoo in Lima, Peru, in December and met with experts from around the world on strategies to preserve the giant frogs in the lake that straddles the border between Peru and Bolivia at 12,500 feet.
The Lake Titicaca frog is the Denver Zoo's top conservation project. Since 2007, the zoo has spent about $100,000 and advised local conservationists in the effort.
Although the five hatchlings did not
Walking gorilla is a YouTube hit
A silverback gorilla who walks upright like a human has become a big attraction at a wild animal park in Kent.
The male, called Ambam, has become something of a celebrity at Port Lympne near Hythe, where he amuses keepers and visitors.
Phil Ridges, Ambam's keeper, said it was "not a novelty" for
Orang-utans join the genome gang
Orang-utans can now be added to the list of species that have had their genomes sequenced, offering conservationists a wealth of data in their efforts to save the endangered great ape.
A group of researchers in the United States and Europe has published a draft of the genome of a captive orang-utan called Susie, and less complete copies from ten wild individuals1.
"We've developed a resource that could allow conservationists to prioritize populations for saving based on genetic diversity," says Devin Locke at the Genome Center at Washington University in St Louis, Missouri, who led the study. "Zoo breeding programmes could also be informed by genetics, allowing them to maintain maximum diversity."
But whether genetic data can really help to conserve orang-utan populations in the wild remains unclear. The apes are native to Sumatra and Borneo, where they are under
World's first artificial hip for German tiger
A tiger in Germany has become the world's first to be given an artificial hip after a three-hour-operation by a team of vets that she only just survived, Leipzig University said on Thursday.
Girl, as the Malayan tiger at Halle Zoo in eastern Germany is known, had been in visible pain for close to a year because of problems in her right hip joint, the university said.
"Malayan tigers are one of the world's most endangered species, with only around 500 estimated to be living in the wild. This was another reason to operate on Girl," a statement said.
The ferocious feline patient, eight, was not that long in the tooth either, with a life expectancy of 20.
During the operation by five specialists, Girl's heart came close to stopping, however, but anaesthetist Michaele Alef was able to save her.
Girl is now recovering in a separate enclosure back in Halle Zoo, and once a six-week danger period when the new hip could dislocate is over, there is every chance that it will last her the rest of her life.
"We are happy," said Peter Boettcher, another member
Albino Zoo - with 7 Incredibly Rare Albino Species
New ‘secrecy’ law threat to zoo, museums
Civil society organisations believe zoos and museums could be under threat if the Protection of Information Bill is not amended.
Johannesburg Zoo could be crawling with National Intelligence Agency operatives if Parliament does not amend the Protection of Information Bill, civil society organisations warn.
The Institute for Democracy in SA has issued a list of the 1001 state organs that would be able to classify information should the bill be passed in its present form.
It includes oddities such as the Afrikaans Language Museum, the Playhouse Company, the Natal Sharks Board and the Johannesburg Zoo.
"If this bill goes through, we’ll have agents from National Intelligence Agency running around the Johannesburg Zoo," the Right2 Know campaign said yesterday.
Work on the controversial bill — which seeks to create a new regime for the classification of state information — will end today as the mandate of the
Monkey captured after 120-person biting rampage
A marauding monkey that attacked 120 people has been captured following a city-wide hunt in Shizuoka, Japan.
The mischievous macaque – named Lucky – had bitten 120 people in a two-month rampage in Shizuoka before becoming Rakujuen Zoo’s most famous resident.
‘We called her name and she came to us,’ said an official.
One of Rakujuen's caretakers found Lucky missing from its cage one morning. It is believed that the monkey may have escaped while
Second Baby Elephant
Chester Zoo has welcomed its second elephant calf in 6 months.
Asian Elephant Thi gave birth to the female calf just before midnight on Saturday.
Thi, 28, is mum to Sithami, 13, who had her own calf, Nayan, in July.
Proud dad of both calves is Upali, 16.
Tim Rowlands, Curator of Mammals, said the zoo was delighted with the news.
Tim said: “The arrival of an elephant calf is always a cause for celebration but two healthy calves in six months is fantastic. The new arrival and mum
New face at the zoo welcomes a new era
Groundwork being laid for $200-million reno of prized ‘gem’
Polar bears might be more accustomed to the frigid Manitoba winters than an Australian man, but the freezing cold holds "no worries" for Tim Sinclair-Smith.
The Assiniboine Park Conservancy recently announced that Sinclair-Smith has been appointed as its new director of zoological operations.
Sinclair-Smith succeeds the retired Dr. Gord Glover and is confident that his new leadership role will make him part of Assiniboine Park Zoo’s evolution that he believes will ultimately make the facility "world class."
For more than 20 years, Sinclair-Smith has worked in zoological facilities across the world and was most recently based at Calgary Zoo.
"The plans for the [zoo] are nothing short of spectacular and I’m absolutely thrilled to be part of a great team," Sinclair-Smith said. "Our goal is to move
Cachorros de tigres desaparecen de Zoo
(Tiger cubs missing from zoo - eaten or stolen?)
Australia Zoo execs under fire
TWO senior Australia Zoo executives flew business class to Las Vegas just two days after more than 20 employees were dismissed from the organisation on Monday.
Director Wes Mannion and General Manager Frank Muscillo left the country to pursue business interests in the US.
An Australia Zoo spokesperson said Mr Mannion and Mr Muscillo were in California seeking opportunities that would cement the financial future for Australia Zoo and attract international tourists back to the Coast.
“These business class flights were booked a year in advance on a travel sale,” the spokesperson said.
Last June, Terri Irwin announced Australia Zoo was pushing ahead with a $300 million plan to replicate the famed Beerwah wildlife haven in the gambling mecca of Las Vegas.
She said the plans would employ about 900 people – many of them Australians.
Back on the Coast, dozens of former
Complaint to USDA causes investigation into animals' welfare
A federal inspector will examine the Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park after a complaint was filed.
U.S. Department of Agriculture spokesman David Sacks told the Chattanooga Times Free Press the agency received an anonymous complaint about the welfare of zoo animals and will send an inspector.
The zoo has also invited the oversight, asking the Animal and Plant Inspection Service of USDA to do an inspection said Darde Long, director of the zoo.
Seven animals have died at the zoo in the past month. One
Zoo update included on city agenda
An update on developments at the Topeka Zoo is among topics local governing bodies will take up in the coming week.
The Shawnee County Commission will meet at 9 a.m. Monday in its chambers in Room B-11 at the county courthouse, 200 S.E. 7th, while the Topeka City Council will meet at 6 p.m. Tuesday in its chambers at 214 S.E. 8th.
The commission plans to consider selling a parcel of property encompassing part of a lot at 335 S.W. Polk for $50 to Carl Hughes.
The county acquired the parcel at a judicial tax foreclosure sale in September 2004. The parcel was offered for auction by sealed bid in June 2006, when a bid was made but no payment was received. On Jan. 2, Hughes submitted the $50 bid by e-mail.
Monday's agenda doesn't indicate commissioners will discuss or take
Researchers Witness Polar Bear’s Epic Search For Ice
Scientists studying polar bears around the Beaufort Sea, north of Alaska, were amazed to witness one polar bear that swam continuously for more than nine days, covering some 426 miles, in search of sea ice.
The scientists said this endurance feat could be the result of climate change.
Polar bears are known to swim between land and sea ice floes to hunt seals. But the researchers said that increased sea ice melts push polar bears to swim much farther, risking their own health and future generations.
In their findings, published in Polar Biology, researchers from the US Geological Survey (USGS) revealed the first evidence of long distance swimming by polar bears.
“This bear swam continuously for 232 hours and 687 km and through waters that were 2-6 degrees C,” said research zoologist George M. Durner. “We are in awe that an animal that spends most of its time on the
Phl croc may be extinct in 10 years
The Philippine crocodile, classified as critically endangered by the World Conservation Union, will be extinct in 10 years if no conservation measures are immediately undertaken.
The Mabuwaya Foundation Inc. (MFI), an organization engaged in protecting the species, said only 100 mature Philippine crocodiles are left in the wilds of Isabela and Liguasan Marsh in Maguindanao.
Philippine crocodiles (scientific name Crocodylus mindorensis) are endemic to the country. They thrive in freshwater and are non-threatening to humans unless provoked.
“The Philippine crocodile is the world’s most severely threatened crocodile species. It is at a real risk of going extinct in the near future if no conservation action is taken,” said Marites Balbas, communication officer of Mabuwaya Foundation.
The foundation collaborates with international conservationist group Critical Ecosystem
Leave the kids at home for Shanghai Wildlife Park's new live-feeding show
Many of you are probably already familiar with the live-feeding that goes on up at the Harbin Siberian Tiger Reserve. In case you aren't, visitors to the "breeding center" are allowed to select various animals for a sum, hop onto a modified van and drive around the enclosures as the freshly-bought animal is thrown to the tigers. Last time we were there (which was the previous winter) you could for 'round about a thousand kuai, choose a goat to get torn to shreds.
However, you don't need to go so far up north to do that anymore because there's a live-feeding show in Shanghai's own backyard. The Shanghai Wildlife Park, who was behind the distasteful Animal Olympics a few years ago, has created such a tour to raise revenues. It's selling live chickens at 60 RMB a pop so that visitors can watch as they're thrown to the park's bears, tigers, and lions.
Never mind how cruel it is for the chicken, feeding the carnivores whenever
Conserving the Bornean leopard
The Sabah Wildlife Department wants to launch a Bornean clouded leopard captive breeding programme at the Kota Kinabalu Lok Kawi Wildlife Park.
The move follows the discovery of the endangered leopard. The Bornean clouded leopard is a unique subspecies distinctly different from their relatives in Sumatra.
Sabah Wildlife Department director Dr Laurentius Ambu said the uniqueness of the Bornean clouded leopard put it on the high priority list for conservation.
He noted it has already been listed as endangered on the International Union of Conservation of Nature
Former Tilikum Trainers Take You Behind The Curtain At SeaWorld
Since the death of SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau almost one year ago, the world has been learning a lot about more about the reality of life in marine parks for killer whales.
Now two former trainers have just released a powerful report that captures the full range of stresses suffered by orcas in captivity, stresses that likely contributed to the death of Dawn Brancheau (as well as a trainer named Alexis Martinez as a marine park in the Canary Island two months earlier).
The former trainers, Jeff Ventre and John Jett (now a doctor and a professor, respectively), worked with killer whales at SeaWorld Orlando (including Tilikum) for a combined total of 12 years, and both knew Dawn Brancheau. The stresses they catalog include: aggression between whales, medical issues, captive breeding practices, and the total disconnect between marine park life and the natural world and social structures killer whales are used to in the wild.
In particular, Jett and Ventre break new ground by explaining how life at marine parks leads killer whales to damage
Blind orangutans have twins in western Indonesian rescue centre
A blind orangutan at a rescue centre in western Indonesia has given birth to a healthy pair of twins.
Ian Singleton, who works with the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program, said Thursday that Gober, the mother, so far appeared able to care for the babies herself.
"But vets and staff are ready to step in if necessary," he said, adding that Leuser, the father, also is blind.
There are around 50,000 orangutans left in the wild, 90 per cent of them in Indonesia, with more than 2,000 others in rescue centres.
Some of those at centres were seized in the illegal wildlife trade and others orphaned when their mothers strayed from rapidly disappearing rain forests in search of food.
The twins — a boy named Ganteng and a girl named Ginting — were born last Friday.
"It's hoped that both infants will eventually be released to a life in the wild, something that has been denied both their parents due to their blindness," Singleton said.
The twins' mother, who has cataracts in both eyes, was captured by vets two years ago in an area surrounded by palm oil plantations.
They were worried she'd be killed by villagers for routinely
Future Main Entry of Al Ain Wildlife Park and Resort takes shape
Al Ain Wildlife Park and Resort (AWPR) today announced that the construction of its ambitious project development is progressing with the new Main Entry landscape taking shape. During an official ceremony, which was attended by HE Majid Ali Al Mansouri, Managing Director of AWPR, Ghanim Mubarak Al Hajeri, Director General of AWPR, and other Senior Executives, the first nine trees were planted at the Main Entry.
The Main Entry is located in a 340,000 square metre landscaped area including oryx and gazelle habitat, and will allow visitors to meander through desert landscapes that signify the character of this unique experience.
Sustainable approaches are being implemented at every step of the Main Entry construction. Sustainable practices include exclusive use of "grey" water for irrigation (Treated Sewage Effluent) and all construction debris will be reduced, reused, and recycled as much as possible.
Most important is the landscaping where plants are chosen to be native and adaptive to the UAE region. Drought and or saline tolerant species will be planted including different types of species that have a proven track record of surviving and thriving in desert environment. In-line with the project's sustainability approach, 90% of the Main Entry plants are native with low to medium irrigation water requirements.
During design and construction, great attention is given to conserving the site's native vegetation. Areas are protected during construction to preserve valuable habitat while more than 500 mature trees have been lifted during 'Operation Green Thumb', the largest tree salvage operation ever undertaken in the region.
Using techniques developed in the US and for the first time applied in the UAE in collaboration with AWPR's strategic
SeaWorld to Reopen Shamu Show after Trainer Death Last Year
John G. Shedd Aquarium Andros Iguana research expedition from
April 29-May 8, 2011
The 26th issue of the Journal of Threatened Taxa is online at www.threatenedtaxa.org
Date of Publication 26 January 2011 (online & print)
Vote for the worst company of the year 2011
The Orca Project
Keto and Tilikum Express the Stress of Orca Captivity
4th International Congress on Zookeeping
9 -13 September 2012
Theme “Many Voices One Calling”
Sponsored by Wildlife Reserves Singapore , Singapore Tourism Bureau
Further information to come.
For information on sponsorship or exhibition opportunities email email@example.com
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