Monday, August 25, 2014

Zoo News Digest 1st June - 25th August 2014 (ZooNews 895)

Zoo News Digest 1st June - 25th August 2014 (ZooNews 895)

Dear Colleagues,

Back again.

My surface mail mail box is just not working out. Mail is going astray. Even lost my last but one passport for a while. So for now please send all paper mail, books for review etc to :

Peter Dickinson
10 Cheshire View
Appleyards Lane

Bear in mind it is NOT where I live. My mail will be forwarded to me to wherever I am from there. My contact phone number remains the same:

00971 (0)50 4787 122


I remain committed to the work of GOOD zoos, not DYSFUNCTIONAL zoos.

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Keeper bitten, scratched by lion at Dallas Zoo

A lion bit and scratched a Dallas Zoo keeper on Saturday during a routine transfer of the lions in the off-exhibit lion house.
The 35-year-old zookeeper didn’t secure a door allowing the female lion into the same enclosed space as him. The keeper was injured while attempting to escape and used pepper spray as a last resort, said spokeswoman Laurie Holloway.
The keeper is being treated at an area hospital for a bite on the back of his shoulder and scratches on his chest. The injuries are not thought to be life-threatening.
A second keeper was behind a separate set of locked doors and helped distract the lion while the other keeper got away.
“One of our experienced keepers 

A zoo with diseased animals, bad smells, terrible upkeep
 Local residents and visitors have criticized the zoo in Taif for neglecting its animals and bad upkeep.

They said the owner of the zoo is not taking good care of the animals and left some of them to starve by cutting their food supply, Makkah daily reported.

It was also claimed that many of the animals seem to be suffering from diseases.

Other complaints included bad services and a lack of variety among the animals.

Visitor Muhammad Al-Otaibi said the lack of cleanliness in the animals’ enclosures has caused foul odors to emanate from them.

He also claimed each visitor is charged SR10 even though Taif Municipality reportedly claimed entry in all zoos and parks is free.

Visitors are usually seen leaving the zoo as fast as they enter to avoid catching any diseases, said Al-Otaibi.

Another visitor, Khalid Al-Shehri, said the lac

Helsinki's Korkeasaari Zoo celebrates 125 years
This weekend marks the birthday of the zoo, which is home to 150 animal species including the endangered Amur tiger, the world's northernmost tiger species.
A variety of special events are on offer this weekend to celebrate the 125th anniversary of Helsinki's Korkeasaari Zoo.

In addition to special events aimed at children, there are also theatrical presentations that re-enact the zoo’s history, guided tours and the possibility to meet those who work with the animals on a daily basis.

Birthday gifts can be given to the animals. According to the zoo’s website, the wish list includes soft toys and blankets, Brazil nuts an

Animal Welfare is not Appeasement
When trying to understand the animal rights mindset, and why they are never satisfied with improvement in animal care and welfare, it is important to remember the above quote.
Because it has never been about humans taking better care of the animals they keep, it is about humans not keeping anim

Clearwater Marine Aquarium unveils dramatically different plans
In a dramatic shift in tone, the Clearwater Marine Aquarium's updated plans for a new aquarium downtown feature less showmanship and more rehab and rescue.

Gone from the plans is a proposed stadium with 2,000 seats for tourists to take in dolphin shows. Instead, the updated plans, unveiled Friday, feature dolphin habitats and behind-the-scenes tours of animal operating rooms.

Overall, the new design has a much heavier focus on the aquarium's longtime mission of rescuing and rehabilitating marine mammals, and ultimately releasing them back into the wild.

CMA also says its new facility will cost $68 million to build, a steep drop from the previous sticker price of $160 million.

This comes at a crucial time for the aquarium, with the Dolphin Tale movie sequel coming out in weeks, an upcoming bid for Pinellas County bed tax dollars and a major fundraising effort that's just now getting off the ground.

Friday's announcement came at the current aquarium, which has outgrown its location in a former sewage treatment plant near Clearwater Beach. Clearwater's m

SeaWorld CEO: We should have done more to fight 'Blackfish'
SeaWorld Entertainment Inc. should have done more to counter the anti-captivity documentary "Blackfish" and in the future will promote its rescue and conservation efforts more aggressively, Chief Executive Officer Jim Atchison said Wednesday.

In a wide-ranging interview with the Orlando Sentinel, Atchison also discussed the public pressure his Orlando-based company has been under. Last week, SeaWorld stock plunged 33 percent after a weak earnings report, and the company announced that it wou

A love of zoos may keep SeaWorld afloat
 Despite the outcry over its treatment of killer whales, people may simply love zoos too much to completely boycott SeaWorld Entertainment Inc.

That’s the view of FBR & Co., which upgraded the theme-park operator to outperform from market perform on Friday and raised its price target to $26 from $21. Shares of SeaWorld SEAS, +6.63%  were up 1.5% to $19.30 Friday morning, though they are still down some 33% year-to-date.

The brokerage said its believes negative PR and concerns about animal cruelty are “likely to abate” over time, which will, with improved margins from a cost-cutting initiative and other overhauls, lead to “up

Hormone analysis helps identify horny rhinos
The first comprehensive study of captive black rhino reproduction in Europe highlights how hormone analysis could improve the success of breeding programmes.

Researchers from Chester Zoo, The University of Manchester and the University of Liverpool carried out a six-year study which encompassed 90% of European population of black rhino.

Dr Katie Edwards led the research as part of her PhD at the University of Liverpool. She says: "Although some black rhinoceros breed well in captivity, not all do therefore reducing the vital genetic reserve that these populations represent.

What Do Talking Apes Really Tell Us?
Last week, people around the world mourned the death of beloved actor and comedian Robin Williams. According to the Gorilla Foundation in Woodside, California, we were not the only primates mourning. A press release from the foundation announced that Koko the gorilla—the main subject of its research on ape language ability, capable in sign language and a celebrity in her own right—“was quiet and looked very thoughtful” when she heard about Williams’ death, and later became “somber” as the news sank in. Williams, described in the press release as one of Koko’s “closest friends,” spent an afternoon with the gorilla in 2001. The foundation released a video showing the two laughing and tickling one another. At one point, Koko lifts up Williams’ shirt to touch his bare chest. In another scene, Koko steals Williams’ glasses and wears them around her trailer.

These clips resonated with people. In the d

National Aquarium in Baltimore: Who's Pulling The Flippers?
The National Aquarium in Baltimore has displayed dolphins for many years but are now considering retiring them to a "sanctuary".  CEO John Racanelli states in a recent article in the Baltimore Magazine that films such as "Free Willy", "The Cove" and "Blackfish" have driven such an agenda. 

If this is the case, then this really is an absurd idea and the reason given for promoting it by the aquarium's CEO are weak to say the least.  If he is honestly justifying removing the dolphins from the aquarium on the basis of the above mentioned films then the lunatics really have taken over the asylum. 

First, it is important to understand that the 1999 feature film "Free Willy" is a work of fiction:  a young boy befriends a lone killer whale in a theme park whose owner plans to kill the whale to gain a $1,000,000 insurance policy; after a series of adventures, the boy manages to free the whale back to the wild.

Ironically, Kieko (the whale used in the film) was being held alone in a Mexican theme park.  The film generated concern over his care and a project was mounted to release him back to the wild.  The first stage of this plan was his removal to a purpose built pool at the Oregon Coast Aquarium and then to a sea pen in Iceland were he would be rehabilitated back to the wild.  Unfortunately, the project was beset with problems and political wrangling within the animal-rights lobby groups  promoting the project. 

Keiko was freed in August 2002 but rather than integrating with wild whales he was discovered 3 weeks later seeking human interaction and begging for food from people in a Norwegian fjord.  This is where he ended his days being car

More Details

Is training zoo animals enriching?


Husbandry training of zoo animals (training) has been associated with many benefits, and indisputably is a valuable tool; training facilitates movement of animals within their environment, and participation in husbandry and medical procedures. Training has also been considered to be enriching. With few exceptions systematic empirical data have not been collected which have evaluated the impact of training zoo animals outside of the training session. Most publications in this area are methodological, outlining what behaviours can be trained and how, or consider the value of training whether it is believed to be beneficial or detrimental. Determining whether training is enriching, is in part hindered by semantics; what is meant by the suggestion that training is enriching? To move this situation forward five hypotheses have been suggested in this paper whereby animals would be considered to be enriched, if training: 1) affords learning opportunities, as learning is considered to be enriching; 2) can achieve the same results as conventional environmental enrichment (CEE); 3) increases human–animal interactions; 4) provides a dynamic change in the animals’ day; and 5) facilitates the provision of CEE. These suggested hypotheses are by no means exhaustive, but represent commonly held assumptions used to explain how training might be considered enriching. These hypotheses provide a starting point to systematically consider available data which support or refute whether training is enriching; an evidence based approach.
Data collated revealed that training could be considered enriching according to: hypothesis 1, whilst the animal is still learning; hypothesis 2, if the ultimate consequence of training was considered itself enriching. More data are required to test hypothesis 3. And data did not support that training was enriching in and of itself according to hypotheses 4 and 5. In conclusion, training was not considered to be an appropriate alternative to the provision of CEE. Both, training and CEE are recommended to ensure an integrated holistic captive animal management strategy which will meet an animal's needs.

Russian pilot scoops water from zoo pond to douse fire, birds perished
A helicopter that scooped water from the pond of a zoo in central Anatolia to douse a nearby wildfire has caused the death of several birds.

The firefighting helicopter came from the southern province of Adana on Aug. 22 to help locals extinguish a fire spreading in the forests of Mount Ali in Kayseri province.

A Russian pilot, under the guidance of a Turkish technician, confused the pool of a Kayseri zoo with a nearby dam reservoir. Around 10 waterfowls and ducks were killed when the sack that helicopter lowered to refill it wit

My Professional Failures: Aspiring Trainer Edition
This blog is a lot about failure and how to not let yourself get down by it.  I’ve said a lot about this, attenuated with semi-brief* anecdotes from yours truly.  But over the past several weeks I’ve had the pleasure of meeting people both in this field and aspiring trainers who compliment my blog and then address me like I’m some kind of Big Name.  As an aside: I’m no Big Name, just some moron who writes and does whacky google image searches while showing my clumsy, Dolphin Huggery personality. But nonetheless, I’m still flattered and humbled by the positive feedback.

Anyways, when these kind people tell me they like my blog and that it helps them out, that means a lot to me.  But I hope everyone knows that I started out just like anyone else, I struggle with insecurity in my own job performance sometimes, and sometimes I get a little down.  I mean, all of that is normal.  In fact, if I didn’t go through that stuff, I’d never grow as a trainer, a supervisor, or a person.  You guys all know that is true about yourselves, too.

But let me remind you all that it took me almost a year to get a job as a trainer.  I know that isn’t going to win me any prizes of “Longest Time It Took To Get a Friggin’ Job”, but it wasn’t an easy ride for me either.  So I figured I’d write a blog about all of my fail in August 2014

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Hello ZooLex Friend,
We have worked for your enjoyment!



Province of the Snow Cat is an exhibit for snow leopards at the Banham
Zoo in Great Britain. The planning incorporated staff experience with
breeding snow leopards and added improvments to the animal management.
There are now options to restrain animals in a crush cage, to devide the
outdoor exhibit for separating male and female and to record live
audio-visuals from the cubbing box.



In 2012, Barbara Brem, presented 'Zoo Walkways: The Path to Connecting
with Nature' at the 21st Biennial Conference of IZE (International Zoo
Educators) in Chester, England. Barbara Brem is a landscape architect
and ZooLex editor. She made her paper that was published in the
conference proceedings available to ZooLex:


We keep working on ZooLex ...

The ZooLex Zoo Design Organization is a non-profit organization
registered in Austria (ZVR-Zahl 933849053). ZooLex runs a professional
zoo design website and distributes this newsletter. More information and

The August 2014 issue of ZOO’s PRINT Magazine (Vol. 29, No. 8) is online at <> in a format that permits you to turn pages like a regular magazine.
If you wish to download the full magazine or certain articles click on <>
ISSN 0973-2543 (online)
August 2014 | Vol. 29 | No. 8 | Date of Publication 21 August 2014
Interview with a VBM ... Very Busy Man! Meet Sri B.S. Bonal, Member Secretary, Central Zoo Authority, Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India
-- S. Walker, Pp. 1-6
National Zoological Park, New Delhi -- the Turn-around Saga
-- Amitabh Agnihotri, Pp. 7-11
Human and Elephant (Elephas maximus) deaths due to conflict in Coimbatore Forest Division, Tamil Nadu, India
-- K. Ramkumar, B. Ramakrishnan, S. Karthick and R. Saravanamuthu, Pp. 12-19
Butterfly Diversity in Manasagangothri campus of Mysore University
-- H.N. Sarjan, Jigmat Yangchan, S.K. Kripa, Saniya Fathima, A. Ameena Husna and Prakash R. Naik, Pp. 20-25
Hematological and Biochemical values of Red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens) at Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Darjeeling
-- P. Kumar, U. Pradhan, V. Chettri and A.K. Jha, Pp. 26-27
A note on Breeding of Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulata) at the Guindy Children’s Park, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
-- N. Baskar, P. 28
ZOO LEX: Fasanerie Tierpark, Wiesbaden Wildcat Exhibit
-- Monika Fiby and Kara Chirgwin, Pp. 29-32
Home gardening – More than a lawn - Miniature biosphere reserve for Insects - Butterflies
-- S. Suresh Ramanan, P. 33
Education Reports
Pp. 34-36

Last Chance to vote on Calendar

Nearly a Quarter Century of Fundraising Yields $5 Million as Zoo Keepers Bowl for Rhino Conservation
The American Association of Zoo Keepers (AAZK) reached a significant milestone this week when the all time total for its national fundraiser, Bowling for Rhinos, reached the $5 million mark, providing nearly 25 years of contributions towards rhino conservation.
Since 1990, AAZK has supported the rhino conservation efforts of Lewa Wildlife Conservancy (formerly called Ngare Sergoi Rhino Sanctuary) in Kenya through local chapter organized bowling events. AAZK realized that the zoo keepers of the world were extremely conservation-oriented and wanted to help save rhinos and their habitats, yet did not have the financial resources themselves to make any significant impact. That’s when the idea came to start Bowling for Rhinos.
These bowl-a-thon fundraising events take place in over 70 locations across the U.S.,  Canada  and in Australia.  In 1994, AAZK expanded its reach to Indonesia, working with the International Rhino Foundation to protect the Javan rhino in Ujung Kulon National Park and in 1977, the Sumatran rhinos in Bukit Barisan Selatan and Way Kambas National Parks in Sumatra. Today, funds from Bowling for Rhinos help support rhino conservation on two continents, helping to protect not only rhinos but also their delicate ecosystems.  Bowling for Rhinos also supports Action for Cheetahs in Kenya. Cheetahs share much of the same habitat as rhinos and by working to conserve cheetahs AAZK also is saving rhinos and the countless other species that call that habitat home.
"Our continued success allows participating zoos to shine in the conservation world, " said Patty Pearthree, AAZK Bowling For Rhinos project manager.   In Kenya, we now protect more than 1.5 million acres of white and black rhino habitat under the Lewa Conservancy’s conservation charter. In Indonesia, we help to protect nearly the same acreage of crucial lowland rainforest habitat for the survival of the Javan and Sumatran rhinos, as well as other species living in their ecosystems including Sumatran tigers, elephants, tapirs, Javan gibbons and sunbears."
The international trade in rhino horn drives the demand for rhino horn in Asian countries, influencing a greater increase in poaching activities.  Poaching activities and habitat loss have caused rhino numbers to decline 90 percent  since 1970.
The American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc (AAZK)  is a nonprofit (U.S. 501c3) volunteer organization made up of professional zoo keepers and other interested persons dedicated to professional animal care and conservation. AAZK exists to advance excellence in the animal keeping profession, foster effective communication beneficial to animal care, support deserving conservation projects, and promote the preservation of our natural resources and animal life.

Edited by Dr Kees Rookmaaker
The total number of references in the database and collection of the RRC now stands at 18,861. All about rhinos, their history, biolgy and conservation. Many items can be viewed direct on the website.

Celebrating Plants and the Planet:
Summer may be prime time for many plants. And (coincidentally?) for many of our facilities, but it can be a slow time for professionals. But that is not why I have sent out no “e-news” about plants and ecosystems this summer.  Three new developments have kept me busy:
· is the website where all my news stories of the past ten years are gathered. It is curated news about plants and animal connections, plants and technology, medicine and climate change. Now it is searchable! Looking for the latest research and most interesting information on koalas and trees? Elephants as ecosystem managers? Promising medicines discovered in distant jungles? Ants and trees? Botany on your terms! The newly redesigned Plant World News is being launched today!
  • If you are planning on attending the AZA conference in Orlando this year, be sure to join the discussion on the importance of landscapes to zoos and aquariums! The Lure of Landscape: You Should Catch The Gardening Bug. Why have some zoos and aquariums made a priority of creating high quality landscapes? What’s the benefit to the institution, the visitors, and the animals? Ask the Directors that have been bitten by the gardening bug. September 15

  • Last year at the conference of the Association Of Zoological Horticulture (AZH), I moderated a discussion on gorilla exhibits: design, landscapes, operations and maintenance issues. With a roomful of professional zoo horticulturists we pooled our decades of experience and knowledge to explore the topic in a crowd sourced open conversation. Everyone learned something new. So this year we continue with canid exhibits in a session titled “The Dog Ate My Exhibit “ Join us in Galveston on October 5

Please share these stories with associates, staff, docents and – most importantly – visitors! Follow on Twitter:  – a new story every day as well as hundreds of stories from the past few years.

Zoo Biology

  1. Commentary

  2. Research Articles

    1. Behavioral thermoregulation in a group of zoo-housed colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) (pages 257–266)
      Jason D. Wark, Christopher W. Kuhar and Kristen E. Lukas
      Article first published online: 30 JUN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21138
    2. Behavioral and physiological responses in felids to exhibit construction (pages 267–274)
      Julia Chosy, Megan Wilson and Rachel Santymire
      Article first published online: 10 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21142
    3. Understanding irregular shell formation of Nautilus in aquaria: Chemical composition and structural analysis (pages 285–294)
      Mehdi Moini, Aoife O'Halloran, Alan M. Peters, Christine A.M. France, Edward P. Vicenzi, Tamsen G. DeWitt, Esther Langan, Tim Walsh and Robert J. Speakman
      Article first published online: 5 MAY 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21132
    4. Proximate composition of milk of the bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) in comparison to other African bovids and to hand-rearing formulas (pages 305–313)
      Christina Petzinger, Olav T. Oftedal, Krista Jacobsen, Katie L. Murtough, Nancy A. Irlbeck and Michael L. Power
      Article first published online: 30 JUN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21139
    5. Nitrogen requirements of white-lipped peccary (Mammalia, Tayassuidae) (pages 320–326)
      Sérgio L. G. Nogueira-Filho, Rogério M. Borges, Alcester Mendes and Carlos T. S. Dias
      Article first published online: 24 JUN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21141

  3. Brief Reports

    1. You have free access to this content
      Fellatio in captive brown bears: Evidence of long-term effects of suckling deprivation? (pages 349–352)
      Agnieszka Sergiel, Robert Maślak, Andreas Zedrosser, Łukasz Paśko, David L. Garshelis, Slaven Reljić and Djuro Huber
      Article first published online: 4 JUN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21137
    2. Photodynamic therapy for pododermatitis in penguins (pages 353–356)
      Fábio Parra Sellera, Caetano Padial Sabino, Martha Simões Ribeiro, Loriê Tukamoto Fernandes, Fabio Celidonio Pogliani, Carlos Roberto Teixeira, Gustavo Henrique Pereira Dutra and Cristiane Lassálvia Nascimento
      Article first published online: 29 MAY 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21135
    3. Birth of common shovelnose rays (Glaucostegus typus) under captive conditions(pages 357–359)
      Lori L. Timm, Joshua E. Carter, Joshua Frey Sr., James Prappas and R. J. David Wells
      Article first published online: 7 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21145

  4. Husbandry Report

    1. Hand-rearing, growth, and development of common loon (Gavia immer) chicks(pages 360–371)
      Kevin P. Kenow, Melissa S. Meier, Laurie E. McColl, Randy K. Hines, Jimmy Pichner, Laura Johnson, James E. Lyon, Kellie Kroc Scharold and Michael Meyer
      Article first published online: 21 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21130

Download full issue of 26 July 2014 - - Pp. 6053-6152
    PDF (24001Kb)
DOI: 10.11609/JoTT.26Jul14.6053-6152

Contents Pp. 6053-6152
    PDF (3359Kb)
Re-introduction of globally threatened Arabian Gazelles Gazella Arabica (Pallas, 1766) (Mammalia: Bovidae) in fenced protected area in central Saudi Arabia
--M. Zafar-ul Islam, Moayyad Sher Shah & Ahmed Boug,  Pp.6053-6060
Abstract    HTML    PDF (3479Kb)
A checklist of mammals of Nepal
--Sanjan Thapa,  Pp.6061-6072
Abstract    HTML    PDF (4017Kb)
Eutropiichthys cetosus, a new riverine catfish (Teleostei: Schilbeidae) from northeastern India
--Heok Hee Ng, Lalramliana, Samuel Lalronunga & Lalnuntluanga,  Pp.6073-6081
Abstract    HTML    PDF (2255Kb)
Butterflies of Sundarban Biosphere Reserve, West Bengal, eastern India: a preliminary survey of their taxonomic diversity, ecology and their conservation
--Soumyajit Chowdhury,  Pp.6082-6092
Abstract    HTML    PDF (3424Kb)
Northernmost distribution of five tree species to the Western Ghats from the sacred groves of Pune District, Maharashtra, India
--Aboli Kulkarni, Mandar N. Datar, Umesh Awasarkar & Anuradha Upadhye,  Pp.6093-6100
Abstract    HTML    PDF (2160Kb)
New additions to the flora of Uttarakhand, India
--D.S. Rawat,  Pp.6101-6107
Abstract    HTML    PDF (4968Kb)
Interesting plant records from Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India
--K. Ravikumar, N. Balachandran, S. Noorunnisa Begum, P. Patchaimal, Manoranjan Bhanja & K. Lohitasyudu,  Pp.6108-6121
Abstract    HTML    PDF (8955Kb)
Further new additions to the lichen mycota of Andhra Pradesh, India
--Satish Mohabe, A. Madhusudhana Reddy, B. Anjali Devi, Sanjeeva Nayaka & P. Chandramati Shankar,  Pp.6122-6126
Abstract    HTML    PDF (1492Kb)
A preliminary checklist of odonates in Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) campus, Thrissur District, Kerala, southern India
--C.K. Adarsh, K.S. Aneesh & P.O. Nameer,  Pp.6127-6137
Abstract    HTML    PDF (8066Kb)
Why the Red Giant Gliding Squirrel Petaurista petaurista is often mistaken for the Namdapha Gliding Squirrel Biswamoyopterus biswasi (Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae) in Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh, India
--C. Murali Krishna & Awadhesh Kumar,  Pp.6138-6141
Abstract    HTML    PDF (4465Kb)
Coprological study of gastrointestinal parasites of captive animals at Rangpur Recreational Garden and Zoo in Bangladesh
--Most. Monjila Khatun, Nurjahan Begum, Md. Abdullah Al Mamun, Md. Motahar Hussain Mondal & Md. Shakif-Ul-Azam,  Pp.6142-6147
Abstract    HTML    PDF (626Kb)
A comparative haematological analysis of Asian Elephants Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 (Mammalia: Proboscidea: Elephantidae) managed under different captive conditions in Sri Lanka
--Ruvinda Kasun de Mel, Devaka Keerthi Weerakoon, Wanigasekara Daya Ratnasooriya & Ashoka Dangolla,  Pp.6148-6150
Abstract    HTML    PDF (520Kb)
Review of the book ‘Butterflies and Moths of Pakke Tiger Reserve’ - Sanjay Sondhi and Krushnamegh Kunte
--Reviewed by Ullasa Kodandaramaiah,  Pp.6151-6152
Abstract    HTML    PDF (464Kb) in July 2014

~°v°~  ~°v°~  ~°v°~  ~°v°~  ~°v°~

Hello ZooLex Friend,
We have worked for your enjoyment!



The Wild Cat Exhibit at the Fasanerie Wiesbaden in Germany is a display 
of a native wild animal species in its natural habitat. The cats 
participate in a breeding programme that aims at increasing the small 
and disperse population of European wild cats.

We would like to thank our intern Kara Chirgwin for preparing this 


Here is the German version:

We would like to thank our intern Jonas Homburg for translating this 


We keep working on ZooLex ...

The ZooLex Zoo Design Organization is a non-profit organization
registered in Austria (ZVR-Zahl 933849053). ZooLex runs a professional
zoo design website and distributes this newsletter. More information and

Evaluating the Contribution of Zoos and Aquariums to Aichi Biodiversity

The United Nations Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 is a key initiative within global efforts to halt and eventually reverse the loss of biodiversity. The very first target of this plan states that “by 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.” Zoos and aquariums worldwide, attracting more than 700 million visits every year, could potentially make a positive contribution to this target. However, a global evaluation of the educational impacts of visits to zoos and aquariums is entirely lacking in the existing literature. To address this gap, we conducted a large-scale impact evaluation study. We used a pre- and postvisit repeated-measures survey design to evaluate biodiversity literacy—understanding of biodiversity and knowledge of actions to help protect it—of zoo and aquarium visitors worldwide. Ours was the largest and most international study of zoo and aquarium visitors ever conducted. In total, 5661 visitors to 26 zoos and aquariums from 19 countries around the globe participated in the study. Aggregate biodiversity understanding and knowledge of actions to help protect biodiversity both significantly increased over the course of zoo and aquarium visits. There was an increase from previsit (69.8%) to postvisit (75.1%) in respondents demonstrating at least some positive evidence of biodiversity understanding. Similarly, there was an increase from previsit (50.5%) to postvisit (58.8%) in respondents who could identify actions to help protect biodiversity that could be achieved at an individual level. Our results are the most compelling evidence to date that zoo and aquarium visits contribute to increasing the number of people who understand biodiversity and know actions they can take to help protect biodiversity. 


The Zoo Biology Group is concerned with all disciplines involved in the running of a Zoological Garden. Captive breeding, husbandry,cage design and construction, diets, enrichment, man management,record keeping, etc etc


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